# Science

## Shannon entropy

Shannon entropy and more specifically cross entropy is a very important measure for good training of classification neural networks. Leer más

## What is root mean square error RMSE and MSE

RMSE or MSE are widely used error metrics for regression problems in artificial intelligence. Learn what they are and their importance in the world of ML. Leer más

## What is overfitting

Overfitting or overfitting is one of the most common problems in the world of statistics and machine learning. Learn to detect it and solve it. Leer más

## ROC curves

ROC curves and the AUC metric are widely used in machine learning in classification problems to determine the good or bad performance of a model. Leer más

## Hilbert spaces

Hilbert spaces are very important vector spaces in fields of physics such as quantum. Discover what they are and their properties. Leer más

## Nuclear physics, discover what it is and what it studies this branch of modern physics

Nuclear physics is a field of science that investigates the behavior of the atomic nucleus. Do you want to learn more? Don't miss our article. Leer más

## Subatomic particles

Learn what subatomic particles are and all the different types that exist according to the standard model of modern physics. Leer más

## group theory

Group theory is a branch of abstract algebra that has many uses in all fields of science such as physics, mathematics or engineering. Leer más

## Astrophysics, everything you need to know about physics applied to astronomy

Learn what astrophysics is and what branches are studied in this fascinating field of physics and astronomy. Discover what black holes are. Leer más

## String theory, the candidate for theory of everything

String theory is the candidate to unify general relativity with quantum mechanics and create a unified theory. Leer más

## Branches of physics

What are the branches of physics? We teach you the branches that comprise this field of science and its applications. Leer más

## Examples of modern physics

Learn how modern physics emerged, what branches make it up, and how we describe our universe today. Leer más

## Examples from biophysics

Do you know what biophysics is? Learn everything you need to know about biophysics and discover this branch of science that is undoubtedly the future. Leer más

## Current Atomic Model

Do you know how we describe the atom today? We do it through quantum mechanics... Do you want to know how? At Abdatum we tell you in detail! Leer más

## The time formula

What is time? We have all asked ourselves this at some point. However, we never found a concrete definition. Find out! Leer más

## Dirac equation, discover the meaning of this formula that mixes quantum with relativity

The Dirac equation is one of the most beautiful physical expressions that exist. It is incredible everything that is implicit in this spectacular equation. Leer más

## What is quantum chromodynamics or QCD?

Do you want to learn what quantum chromodynamics is? At Abdatum we tell you in detail so that you understand how the strong nuclear interaction works. Leer más

## Quantum mechanics

Quantum mechanics studies phenomena that occur at the atomic and subatomic level. Do you want to discover more about this beautiful theory? Leer más

## Classical physics, explore its branches and what it is

Have you heard of classical physics? In abdatum we tell you its meaning and what branches are included within this area of physics. Leer más

## The real numbers

We all use numbers in our daily lives, but... Where do they come from? How are they built? What properties do they have? We tell you in this article! Leer más

## The Observable Universe

Do you want to learn what the observable universe is? Our observation of the cosmos is limited by the speed of light... Leer más

## Parallel Universes: Fact or Fiction?

Do parallel universes or worlds exist? We will delve into the theory of multiverses and see that sometimes reality surpasses fiction... Leer más

## Hooke's law: Principles, applications and formula of the law of elasticity

Explore Hooke's Law and its formula in this complete explanation of elasticity. Discover how it works and its application in different fields. Leer más

## Chaos Theory: Deciphering the Unpredictability of Systems

Immerse yourself in Chaos Theory and its implications in physics. Discover how small changes have effects and how it is applied in various scientific fields. Leer más

## Linear velocity: formula, concept, applications and examples

Discover what linear speed is and its importance in different applications. Explore the equations and the various ways it is used. Leer más

## Properties of energy: Everything you need to know about its conservation and transformation

Discover the properties of energy and what fundamental characteristics define it. Explore this key concept and deepen your understanding. Leer más

## Electronic Configuration: Complete guide to understanding the distribution of electrons in atoms

Delve into the fascinating world of electronic configuration and discover how the physics of atoms determines their properties and behavior. Leer más

## Quantum Physics and Spirituality: The Deep Connection That Reveals the Intrinsic Nature of the Universe

Explore the relationship between quantum physics and spirituality, discovering how these fields intertwine and challenge our perceptions of the world. Leer más

## Rutherford Atomic Model

Discover Rutherford's Atomic Model and his revolutionary theory on the structure of matter. He learns how electrons revolve around the nucleus. Leer más

## Scalar product: definition, properties and calculations in vectors

Go deeper into Mathematical Operations of Vectors with our Article on Scalar Product. Learn how it is calculated and its meaning. Leer más

## Quantum superposition in the physical world

Explore quantum superposition in our article on quantum physics. Learn about duality of states and its implications in the quantum world. Leer más

## Vector product of two vectors: Definition, calculation and applications

Discover the vector product: essential operation in vector spaces. Learn its application and fundamental properties. Leer más

## What is movement

Do you really know what movement is? In this article we will define movement on a physical level, we will mention the characteristics and types that exist. Leer más

## Antimatter, discover its properties and possible applications

Explore the intriguing world of antimatter: learn what it is, its properties and the applications it promises in various scientific fields. Leer más

## Electrons, discover the properties and applications of the electron

Explore the fascinating world of electrons, their role in physics, chemistry, and how they drive technological advances. Discover its impact today. Leer más

## Newton's second law, discover the laws of dynamics

Explore Newton's Second Law: its definition, formula F=ma and practical examples. He understands how force, mass and acceleration interact in physics. Leer más

## Newton's first law

Explore Newton's First Law: discover its history, understand the inertia formula, and see everyday examples in action. He learns physics easily. Leer más

## Atom: What it is, structure and applications today

Explore the fascinating history of the atom, its structure, and how quantum physics unravels its mysteries. A journey through atomic science. Leer más

## Kinetic Energy: Definition, Formula, History, Applications and Solved Exercises

Discover everything about Kinetic Energy: its definition, importance, and practical applications with solved exercises for a complete understanding. Leer más

## Lambert-Beer law

Discover the Lambert-Beer Law, a fundamental principle in spectroscopy that relates absorbance to concentration and path length. Leer más

## Pauli exclusion principle

Discover the Pauli Exclusion Principle: its definition, implications in physics and chemistry, and its essential role in atomic structure. Leer más